Issue: Interstate Compact for Juveniles
Judicial sentencing decisions with interstate implications will have to comply with the Compact’s requirements and the rules promulgated by the Interstate ommission. Failure to do so risks subjecting a state to sanctions.
No formal position
The Interstate Compact for Juveniles was modeled after the Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision with similar implications for courts. COSCA had a representative, Mike Buenger, participating in the drafting of this Compact. The final language of the new Compact was released in June 2002.The new Compact significantly updates the 48-year-old mechanism for tracking and supervising juveniles that move across state borders. The new Compact provides enhanced accountability, enforcement, visibility and communication and seeks to update a crucial tool for ensuring public safety and preserving child welfare.Primary changes to the original 1955 Juvenile Compact include:
• The establishment of an independent operating authority to administer ongoing compact activity, including a provision for staff support.
• Gubernatorial appointment representations of all member states on a national governing commission which meets annually to elect the compact operating authority members, and to attend to general business and rule making procedures.
• Rule making authority, provision for significant sanctions to support essential compact operations.
• Mandatory funding mechanism sufficient to support essential compact operations (staffing, data collection, training/education, etc.)
• Compel collection of standardized information.
The Interstate Compact for Juveniles has been adopted by thirty-six states – AL, AK, AR, AZ, CO, CT, DE, FL, ID, IL, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MI, MO, MT, NV, NJ, NM, NC, ND, OK, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VA, WA, WV, WI, and WY. The Compact became effective and binding upon legislative enactment of the Compact in the thirty-fifth state. Like the Interstate Compact on the Supervision of Adult Offenders, a Commission is empowered to adopt rules and regulations to implement the Compact. The first organizational meeting of the Commission was held December 15-17, 2008. CCJ and COSCA will be invited to be an ex officio member of the Commission.