Technology Widespread

What's in this guide?

Summarized results of the 2015 survey and the innovations being put into place by many appellate courts.  

  Main Appellate Page
     
    Summary of Appellate Innovations Survey
     
    Widespread Technology Innovations
     
    Technology Innovations On the Horizon
     
    Preparing the Record
     
    Briefing Stage
     
    Case Assignment/Scheduling
     
    Preparing Opinion/Decision
     
    Other Innovations

For more information about the Appellate Innovations Survey, please email John Doerner.

This page includes a number of technological innovations that have become widespread among state appellate courts.  There is a listing under each application that reports individual courts among the respondents to the 2015 appellate innovations survey - some appellate courts may have implemented these technologies subsequent to the survey or did not submit responses. 

Along with the raw numbers, it is important to note that the term “electronic filing” means different things in different courts.  For example, included among the responses were that electronic filing was in a limited pilot stage, that hard copy pleadings were required in addition to electronic documents, and other courts operated primarily with hard copies but also permitted voluntary participation by filing a digital copy of pleadings on a disk or as an email attachment.

15 of the 25 respondents (60.0%) reported using electronic filing; these courts were:

  • Delaware Supreme Court 
  • Florida Supreme Court 
  • Georgia Supreme Court 
  • Indiana Supreme Court 
  • Kansas Supreme Court 
  • Maryland Court of Appeals
  • Michigan Supreme Court
  • Minnesota Supreme Court
  • Montana Supreme Court
  • Nevada Supreme Court
  • North Carolina Supreme Court
  • North Dakota Supreme Court
  • Pennsylvania Supreme Court
  • Texas Supreme Court
  • Wyoming Supreme Court

IAC – 24 of the 33 respondents (73%) reported using electronic filing; these courts were: 

  • Alabama Court of Civil Appeals
  • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
  • Arizona Court of Appeals, Div 1
  • Arkansas Court of Appeals
  • Colorado Court of Appeals
  • Georgia Court of Appeals
  • Iowa Court of Appeals
  • Kansas Court of Appeals
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 1st Circ
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 4th Circ
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 5th Circ
  • Michigan Court of Appeal
  • Minnesota Court of Appeals
  • Missouri Court of Appeals, Southern District
  • New Jersey Superior Court Appellate Division
  • North Carolina Court of Appeals
  • Oregon Court of Appeals
  • Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court
  • Pennsylvania Superior Court
  • Texas Sixth Court of Appeals 
  • Texas Eighth Court of Appeals
  • Texas-Tenth Court of Appeals
  • Washington Court of Appeals, Div I
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div II

As with electronic filing, the means by which electronic records of trial court pleadings are obtained varies among the affirmative respondents. These variations included partial applications in states where only a small number of trial courts produced electronic records and COLRs that scan the trial court pleadings in order to create an electronic record.

The most cited benefit of electronic records is the ease of access from any location and availability of the record to multiple persons at one time. In addition, trial court records are more likely to be complete, reducing the need to supplement the record.

17 of the 25 respondents (68.0%) reported using electronic records; these courts were:

  • Alaska Supreme Court
  • Delaware Supreme Court
  • Florida Supreme Court
  • Georgia Supreme Court
  • Indiana Supreme Court
  • Kansas Supreme Court
  • Maryland Court of Appeals
  • Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • Michigan Supreme Court
  • Minnesota Supreme Court
  • Montana Supreme Court
  • Nevada Supreme Court
  • North Carolina Supreme Court
  • North Dakota Supreme Court
  • Texas Supreme Court
  • Utah Supreme Court
  • Washington Supreme Court

 

IAC – 24 of the 33 respondents (73.0%) reported using electronic records; these courts were:

  • Alabama Court of Civil Appeals
  • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
  • Arizona Court of Appeals, Div 1
  • Arkansas Court of Appeals
  • Colorado Court of Appeals
  • Idaho Court of Appeals
  • Iowa Court of Appeals
  • Kansas Court of Appeals
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 1st Circ
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 5th Circ
  • Massachusetts Appeals Court
  • Michigan Court of Appeals
  • Minnesota Court of Appeals
  • Nevada Court of Appeals
  • New Jersey Superior Court Appellate Div.
  • North Carolina Court of Appeals
  • Oregon Court of Appeals
  • Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court
  • Pennsylvania Superior Court
  • Texas Sixth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Eighth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Tenth Court of Appeals
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 1
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 2

 

Appellate courts also showed variations in how they acquire and utilize electronic transcripts.  Variations included use of video recordings of trial court proceedings to searchable pdf files.  The capability of searching the transcript for words and phrases was cited most frequently as the primary benefit associated with electronic transcripts but, as with electronic records, access from any location and availability to multiple persons at one time were also noted.

COLR – 15 of the 25 respondents (60.0%) reported using electronic transcripts; these courts were:

  • Alaska Supreme Court
  • Florida Supreme Court
  • Georgia Supreme Court
  • Kansas Supreme Court
  • Kentucky Supreme Court
  • Maryland Court of Appeals
  • Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • Minnesota Supreme Court
  • Montana Supreme Court
  • New Hampshire Supreme Court
  • Nevada Supreme Court
  • North Carolina Supreme Court
  • North Dakota Supreme Court
  • Texas Supreme Court
  • Utah Supreme Court
  • Vermont Supreme Court

IAC – 21 of the 33 respondents (64.0%) reported using electronic transcripts; these courts were:

  • Alabama Court of Civil Appeals
  • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
  • Arizona Court of Appeals, Div 1
  • Colorado Court of Appeals
  • Connecticut Court of Appeals
  • Idaho Court of Appeals
  • Iowa Court of Appeals
  • Kansas Court of Appeals
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 5th Circ
  • Massachusetts Appeals Court
  • Michigan Court of Appeals
  • Minnesota Court of Appeals
  • Nevada Court of Appeals
  • New Jersey Superior Court Appellate Div.
  • North Carolina Court of Appeals
  • Oregon Court of Appeals
  • Texas Sixth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Eighth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Tenth Court of Appeals
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 1
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 2

Document management systems, in their basic form, provide for the storage, versioning, indexing, retrieval and security of an appellate court’s case-related (and perhaps administrative) documents. Functionality and usefulness is enhanced when the system is; integrated with the appellate court’s case management system, allowing case documents to be retrieved instantly from the corresponding docket entry, and; includes a workflow component which enables documents to be electronically forwarded to the next assigned individual or group, based on established business processes. The responding courts indicated a broad range of capabilities associated with their individual document management systems. 

COLR – 18 of the 25 respondents (72.0%) reported using a document management system; these courts were:

  • Alaska Supreme Court
  • Florida Supreme Court
  • Georgia Supreme Court
  • Indiana Supreme Court
  • Kansas Supreme Court
  • Maryland Court of Appeals
  • Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court
  • Minnesota Supreme Court
  • Montana Supreme Court
  • Nevada Supreme Court
  • North Carolina Supreme Court
  • North Dakota Supreme Court
  • Pennsylvania Supreme Court
  • Tennessee Supreme Court
  • Texas Supreme Court
  • Utah Supreme Court
  • Washington Supreme Court
  • West Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals

IAC – 25 of the 33 respondents (76.0%) reported using a document management system; these courts were: 

  • Alabama Court of Civil Appeals
  • Alabama Court of Civics Appeals
  • Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals
  • Arizona Court of Appeals, Div 1
  • Arkansas Court of Appeals
  • Colorado Court of Appeals
  • Connecticut Court of Appeals
  • Georgia Court of Appeals
  • Indiana Court of Appeals
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 1st Circuit
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 4th Circuit
  • Louisiana Court of Appeal, 5th Circuit
  • Massachusetts Appeals Court
  • Minnesota Court of Appeal
  • Missouri Court of Appeals Southern Dist
  • Nevada Court of Appeals
  • New Jersey Superior Court Appellate Div.
  • North Carolina Court of Appeals
  • Oregon Court of Appeals
  • Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court
  • Pennsylvania Superior Court
  • Texas Sixth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Eighth Court of Appeals
  • Texas Tenth Court of Appeals
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 1
  • Washington Court of Appeals Div 2