Because adoption is a legal process that establishes a parent/child relationship between individuals who are not related by blood, courts are involved in the decision to grant adoptions, as well as many of the collateral issues relating to consent for adoption that may exist. The federal Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA) sets conditions under which states should terminate parental rights, which is a necessary prerequisite for adoptions, while also allowing the court the discretion to waive this requirement when it determines that this is not in the child’s best interest.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
This book examines the effectiveness of expediting appeals for dependency cases in state courts.
The Child Welfare Information Gateway provides state-specific information for child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.
This report verifies adoption numbers for the courts, bureaus of vital records, Native American Tribes, and private adoption agencies for 2000 and 2001. These are the latest available adoption statistics. The Children's Bureau and its National Adoption Clearinghouse sponsored the data verification done by the National Center for State Courts.
Analyzes the New Orleans Collaborative for Timely Adoptions Initiative, which proposes to remove barriers to promptly complete child protection cases.
Documents the results of years of National Center contacts with courts, bureaus of vital records and social service departments in each state in order to emphasize the need for adoption information.
This report outlines the creation of the National Adoption Information System. Information was gathered to help create the System through a Technical Advisory Committee, a pilot site, and regional meetings of representatives from the courts in all 50 states.
This report presents the results of a test of the ability of states to transmit adoption data to a national repository. The primary purpose of obtaining the test data is to determine the capability of adoption sources in each state and to demonstrate the ability to transmit electronically currently available adoption data.
This report constitutes the third part of a study on runaway youths and their knowledge and access of services. This report is based on Interviews with a sample of youth who ran away from foster care placements in Chicago and Los Angeles. The information provided by these youths will help us to understand better why they run away and what can be done to prevent youth from running away from foster care.
To adequately and successfully represent and speak for a child or teen in foster care, the child’s advocate must be able to communicate with the child and discuss the child’s experiences. This publication provides information for advocates and judges on potential mental illnesses that may occur in children who are placed within foster care.
The purpose of the Handbook is to provide the judiciary and other members of the child welfare community with a comprehensive resource guide to New Mexico’s child abuse and neglect process.