Federal immigration laws not only function as a gatekeeper for the nation’s border, but they likewise determine who is an alien and the associated legal rights, duties, and obligations of aliens in the United States. While immigration is primarily a federal issue, state courts can likewise be affected by a rapid population increase, not only causing an increase in caseloads, but also the need for additional court interpreters.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
Future Trends in State Courts. Ongoing immigration to the United States, along withincreasing home-grown demographic diversity within our society, have dramatically increased the need for courts to become more culturally competent and to address the complicated interplay among federal, state, and local immigration law, policy, and practice.
This Guide provides information for state courts to address cases involving Unaccompanied Immigrant Children such as the state court findings required for the Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS).
Center for Public Policy Studies. This card provides information on Unaccompanied Immigrant Children (UACs). This highly vulnerable population is at serious risk for abuse, neglect, and becoming victims of crime and human trafficking.
Supports government appointed counsel for unaccompanied children in immigration proceedings including state court proceedings to obtain Special Immigrant Juvenile Status.
Based on a 2013 study funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, this report unveils the humanitarian impact of the situation through interviews with more than 400 unaccompanied children from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Mexico held in US federal custody. It shows that the large majority of these children believed they would remain unsafe in their home countries and, as a result, should generally be screened for international protection needs by authorities along the way.
Trends in State Courts. The Administrative Director of the Courts for the Texas Office of Court Administration discusses how the dramatic increase in unaccompanied alien children entering the United States is likely to cause a rise in state court filings, especially in requests for findings for special immigrant juvenile status.