In accordance with the U.S. Constitution, a majority of governmental functions upon which citizens depend are the responsibility of the state, rather than the federal, government. State court systems collectively handle many times the volume of cases handled within the federal court system, and while relations between the two spheres are generally smooth, issues such as the federal statutory preemption of state and local authority continues to exist.
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This study offers comparative analysis of how major judicial ethics codes in the United States of America address four ethical considerations that can arise in the context of judicial cooperation in the management of multi-jurisdiction cases. It also offers charts showing correspondence and similarity between state code sections and model code sections, as well as tables showing the relevant sections of each state code concerning the four ethical considerations.
This article investigates the systematic effects of war on the choices jurists make. The authors investigated whether international conflicts influence the decision-making of federal district court judges by examining the choices those judges make during periods of both war and peace.
Human trafficking is a global problem with local implications. As state anti-trafficking legislation efforts increase, state court judges will begin to hear human-trafficking cases in their courtrooms.
Increasingly, federal policy has an impact on the operations of state courts and the administration of jutice. While the impact predominately hs been a result of Congress placing requirements on state courts, regulations promulgated by federal agencies are also affecting state courts.
This article discusses the federal court certification process which “allows the highest court in the state to answer legal questions certified by federal courts.
The purpose of this research is to evaluate the impact of the PLRA and the AEDPA. The goal was to determine the extent to which AEDPA and the PLRA have affected the number of habeas corpus petitions and prisoner lawsuits filed, respectively.
Addresses recent developments in judicial federalism, encompassing both how the federal courts police boundaries between federal and state power and how federal and state court interact.
This report explains court interpreting services in state and federal courts by examining the Consortium, whose purpose is to find qualified interpreters through rigorous testing.
This manual promotes cooperation between state and federal courts. It contains examples of practical steps state and federal judges and courts can take to save resources through sharing, to avoid scheduling or other conflicts that adversely affect court operations and the bar, and plan programs and other services that benefit both judiciaries.
This report focuses on habeas corpus petitions in state courts, regarding the debate of creating a national policy for all such petitions. The authors provide examples and background information regarding habeas corpus policies in several states, present arguments, and then provide recommendations for answering the question of creating a national policy.
Report presents findings about possible ways to reduce state/federal tensions resulting from habeas corpus petitions.
Government Relations describes the impact, position, and summary on the issue of Federalism in Congress.