Survey of Judicial Salaries
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Due to the various methods used in determine judicial salaries, comparing the level of judicial compensation from state to state is complex; salaries may be affected by caseload, longevity in the position, pay differentials, population, employment status, local supplements, and the structure of the state court system. However, in an effort to attract qualified and experienced individuals to judicial office, as well as retain them during their most productive years, most states offer judicial benefits that enhance their compensation packages and attract qualified individuals.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
The National Center for State Courts (NCSC) has published an annual Survey of Judicial Salaries for more than 30 years, and the Judicial Salary Tracker reflects a transformation in its systems of data collection and storage to make the data more timely and accessible. The Judicial Salary Tracker not only allows viewers to review and download judicial salary information, it has graphic comparisons of the data.
Links to Judicial Salary Survey Publications.
Search the Gavel to Gavel legislation database based on state, year, legislation category, or any combination. Bill Type = Salary & Budget.
This report finalizes the commission's plan to phase in a significant salary increase for New York judges over the next three years.
Requested by New York State Chief Justice Judith Kaye, the report on judicial compensation in the State of New York indicated the state failed all four salary criteria: equality, regularity, objectivity, and separation from politics. The findings and recommendations are contained in the report.
An empirical study of the high court judges of the fifty states provides little evidence that raising salaries would improve judicial performance.
This Article argues that Congress, in its treatment of judicial pay, has violated the spirit and possibly even the letter of the Constitution.
The Compensation Clause does not forbid increases in judicial pay; rather it prohibits only reductions in judges’ salaries. This aspect of the clause undoubtedly reflects the notion that the prospect of a pay cut poses a greater threat to judicial independence than does a pay raise.
Discusses important issues in judicial salaries and provides a historical context, as well as an analysis of innovative practices in setting and tracking judicial salaries.
This article extends the analysis to include projections of future judicial salaries, including comparison to salaries of other professionals.
The "State Survey of Retirement Programs for Intermediate Appellate Court and General Jurisdiction Trial Court Judges" is the most comprehensive comparative judicial retirement information currently available.