Best Practices in Jury System Management
Jury Managers' Toolbox
Center for Jury Studies
Jury System Management, Court Management Library Series
The State of the States Survey of Jury Improvement Efforts
The entire jury process, from compiling master lists to summoning potential jurors to debriefing jurors after trial, while fraught with constitutional and public policy issues and complicated logistics, is an important area for courts. As such, It is imperative that jury management is done in an efficient and unbiased manner to ensure that the jury pool represent a cross-section of the community.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
This article discusses solutions to increasing jury participation as well as making jury service more accommodating for others.
Recent research findings about the frequency of civil jury trials in state and federal courts and the procedures employed by judges and lawyers to select the jury and try the case.
The debate is ongoing about the advantages and disadvantages of reducing jury size. The U.S. Supreme Court first addressed the issue of jury size thirty years ago.
Measurement Number 8 of the CourTopics Trial Court Performance Measurements.
Memo on jury exemptions in the fifty states.
An online diagnostic tool designed to help state court administrators and jury managers evaluate and improve jury management operations and procedures. The program will generate a variety of reports based on data which users input from their own jurisdictions. This program is the "Turbotax" of jury management. There is a Power Point presentation available on this resource.
Manual provides methodology for courts to evaluate the management of their jury system. Twelve elements of a jury system have been defined, and most of these elements have been assigned a quantitative measure (or standard) based upon achievable and demonstrated results of efficient jury system administration.
Court Consulting Services helps courts with many jury management issues. Please contact the Court Consulting Services for more information.
Jury Systems Vendors from the Court Technology Vendor List.
An evaluation of King Co. Superior Court's "critical incident stress debriefing," which is offered to jurors at the end of a trial with graphic testimony or evidence or a high degree of media coverage.
Jurors across the country are beginning to demand that courts take steps to keep personal information that is provided during jury service confidential.
Study and implementation plan for King County Superior Court, Seattle, Washington. Under a one trial one day term of service, person reporting for jury service have completed their service after serving on one trial or if not selected after reporting for one day.
The current economic crisis provides an opportunity for courts to improve juror utilization, potentially saving tens of thousands of dollars per year in unnecessary expenses incurred for unused jurors and hundreds of thousands of dollars in lost income and lost productivity incurred by jurors, their employers, and their communities.
Book reviews of three classic publications concerning juries.
Courts are under continuing pressure to reduce their expenditures. An obvious target for cost-cutting is juror fees as they usually represent the second largest item, after personnel, in court budgets.
The State-of-the-States Survey of Jury Improvement Efforts provides the most comprehensive snapshot of contemporary jury operations and practices in state courts ever conducted.
Jurors confront numerous sources of stress at every stage of jury duty even in routine files. This manual addresses many areas of these stresses.
Do all-White juries discriminate against minority defendants?
Do jurors racially stereotype defendants?
Do juries at certain courts rarely convict?
Do juries rarely convict on certain offences?
Do jurors understand legal directions?
Do jurors know what to do about improper conduct in the jury room?
Are jurors aware of media coverage of their cases?
How is the internet affecting jury trials?
This report is an empirical picture of hung juries and was based on an objective for this 4-year study by the National Center for State Courts with funding by the National Institute of Justice. It provides insights and answers to the question of whether hung juries are a significant problem at a national level.
This is an article from the NIJ Journal. The National Center for State Courts examined deadlocked, or “hung,” juries to see what characteristics they share and how they might be avoided.
This document discusses how states have responded to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Ring v. Arizona requiring that juries decide the sentence phase in death penalty cases. Of particular concern has been the effect of the decision on death sentences imposed by judges in a handful of states before the Rind decision.
This essay presents analysis that extends the findings gathered by the Capital Jury Project showing that many jurors who served on capital murder trials experienced significant stress and suffered extreme emotional setbacks.
This informative report describes the problems associated with jurors using electronic devices and the internet. It also describes remedial solutions judges can utilize.
This article discusses the intersection of mass media, pop culture, and juror expectations. It presents evidence on how shows such as Ally McBeal and Law and Order influence the expectations that people have of the judicial system.
In October of 2011, surveys were sent to federal judges asking them about their practices and experiences regarding jurors and social media. The survey was sent to 952 judges and 508 responded, about 53%. Of the group of judges that responded, only 30 “reported instances of detected social media use by jurors during trials or deliberations.”
Jury System Technology is an eLearning course offered by the Institute for Court Management. The course is ongoing.