We define a “municipal court” as a stand-alone trial court of limited jurisdiction that may or may not provide jury trials and that is funded largely by a local unit of government. As “citizen courts,” municipal courts can have a great influence over how the public perceives the justice system as a whole, since the principal and most common case types of these courts include traffic and ordinance violations, small claims cases, domestic cases, misdemeanor offenses, and other preliminary proceedings in felony cases.
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This article reviews traits of limited-jurisdiction courts in local governments or municipalities, shares issues and challenges, and suggests strategies for these courts to consider.
The Court consists of one full-time judge and one part-time judge with three full-time employees and one part-time employee. Both judges are law-trained. The court's jurisdiction is limited to cases arising under ordinances of the municipality, and over all offenses which are subject to a fine not to exceed $500.00 or imprisonment not to exceed 30 days, or both, and which occur within the municipality.
Judicial leaders in the Commonwealth of Puerto Roci face continual challenges of effectively managing rising caseloads, disposing of court business without delay, and delivering quality service to the public.
The Delaware Justice of the Peace Courts are limited jurisdiction courts with authority over landlord/tenant and debt cases, in addition to criminal matters. The courts use staffing standard studies to develop an accurate measurement of work demands for planning and allocation of future resources.
The Municipal Court of Seattle is the largest limited jurisdiction court in the state of Washington. It has jurisdiction over all violations of the Seattle Municipal Code and hears misdemeanors and gross misdemeanors, traffic and non-traffic infractions, and parking violations.
The Roswell Municipal Court is a trial court of limited jurisdiction adjudicating drunk-driving cases, moving traffic violations, and non-traffic misdemeanors that arise in the city of Roswell, located in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
This report indicates the results of a review of court operations in the Justice of the Peace Courts, including resources, administrative office support, organization, management, operations, caseflow, training, automation and customer service.
The purpose of this project is to help the court adjudicate cases in the most effective and efficient manner possible by identifying operational functions that are done well and to recommend changes to those functions where the court has an opportunity to improve its delivery of services.
The municipal court is a limited jurisdiction court. Its bench consists of one part-time judge and one judge pro-tempore who serves in the absence of the judge. The jurisdiction of the municipal court includes general misdemeanor criminal cases, traffic violations, and other violations of municipal ordinances.
This report explores the development and implementation of a non-discretionary case assignment system for criminal cases in Marion County, Indiana.
This report includes recommendations to assist with jury system improvement.