Electronic filing, or the migration of the court record from a paper to an electronic format, enables lawyers and other users to submit documents to multiple court systems that demand different formats through the use of Global Justice XML (GHXML). Electronic filing that includes digital signatures, privacy and public access, and document management are becoming more commonplace to reduce the court costs and make documents more available.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
In the summer of 2009, the NCSC commenced a survey of the usage of e-filing in state courts across the country, including U.S. Territories.
With LegalXML-based electronic documents that point to and identify the meaning of their contents, applications will locate and reuse information freely. Automating rote manual functions is coming. Many still hold onto paper documents; we have concluded it is time to let go. The day of the electronic court record has come.
Electronic court records and electronic filing are more than technological challenges. They entail changes in practices and presumptions about documents, records, signatures, and many related things. Controversy over a state rule to authorize electronic filing in Washington showed how key nontechnical issues must be resolved.
NCSC Area of Expertise.
Electronic Filing Processes and Electronic Court Filing (ECF) Standards.
Electronic Filing Vendors from the NCSC Court Technology Vendor List.
The cost-effectiveness and operational advantages of accepting and storing electronically filed documents can have an impressive impact on a court's bottom line. While the court community is working diligently to take advantage of the many benefits of converting to electronic documents, there are still many issues to be resolved.
Scholarship winning paper from the Seventh National Court Technology Conference.
Evaluation and final report of project introducing electronic filing and access service in the Circuit Court for Prince George's County, Maryland. JusticeLink was one of groundbreaking electronic filing endeavors.
322 pages. This historical guidebook was written primarily for policy makers in the court, government, and law firms who must decide if, when, and how to begin electronic filing. It is written for the lawyers, administrators, technologists, judges, and others charged with making it happen.
E-filing has become well established in federal courts, but state courts, particularly appellage courts, have lagged far behind in developing and implementing e-filing. While the technology required for e-filing is relatively straightforward, the reasons for the states' slow progress toward e-filing are comlex and multifaceted.
This article discusses how the future of court technology has arrived at Division Two of the Arizona Court of Appeals. It is an integrated digital environment that approaches a true paperless court, resulting in greatly increased efficiency and significant cost savings benefiting all court personnel, the Arizona legal community, and ultimately the public.
E-filing is on the rise in state, local, and federal courts. Courts have a series of choices to make when planning e-filing: volumtary versus mandatory participation; alternative business approaches of e-filing; single e-filing service provider versus multiple providers; and packaged versus in-house solutions.
This article discusses the experience of the federal appellate courts' move toward electronic filing of documents via digital submission.