"Technology is a powerful enabler that can empower courts to meet core purposes and responsibilities, even while severe economic pressures reduce court staff, reduce hours of operation, and even close court locations. To harness technology for this purpose, serious efforts are needed to examine process-reengineering opportunities, and courts must plan to (a) migrate from document to content management and (b) initiate customer relations management to improve the quality of justice, access to justice, and public trust and confidence in courts as an institution." -- Chris Crawford
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
News account of research indicating brain MRIs may be used in courtrooms in the near future to determine guilty of innocence of criminal defendants.
The District of Columbia Courts are evaluating what works best in a high-tech courtroom for making presentations and instructing juries. The courts are also trying to determine whether presentation formats that seem most favored by jurors are in fact the most effective.
The world around us is changing rapidly, and so must the courts. By fighting against change and not embracing it, the courts risk becoming irrelevant in the 21st century.
Current National Institute of Standards and Technology projects on image-based biometrics reveal impressive gains over the past four years. The justice community, led by law enforcement
and corrections but increasingly including the courts, is finding face and iris recognition systems effective for appropriate applications. Courts should prepare to piggyback onto these
systems to improve security and administration of justice.
Today’s social and political environment places ever increasing demands on courts to share information with other courts and various law-enforcement agencies. One of the most promising technologies that facilitate information sharing is Extensible Markup Language, commonly referred to as XML. XML has been around for a number of years, but it has taken the development of standards and supporting applications to bring this technology to the courts.
A long-simmering, but often tacit debate questions whether sentencing discretion should reflect best efforts to reduce recidivism. Smart-sentencing trends embrace that responsibility and enlist a wide range of strategies in pursuit of evidence-based decisions that earn public trust and confidence through accountability for public safety.
The technological revolution is now part of our popular culture and that popular culture is directly reflected in our juries, as it should be in a system that puts its faith in the people. The court system needs to find ways to keep pace.
Almost all courts are relying more and more on technology to help them do their work. Court leaders of the future, to establish vision and strategic direction for technology, will be adopting an IT governance strategy for their courts. IT governance is a formal structure and process for managing business operations and supporting technology tools.
The appellate courts are now even with or ahead of many trial courts in their adoption and use of technology such as electronic filing, videoconferencing, and Web-based services.
New technology will allow courts to better serve the public by protecting digital information. Court technical staff needs to begin working with policy makers to test and then implement this new technology and modify both court and legal processes to take advantage of these new capabilities.
In recent years numerous state courts have either installed webcast equipment or are considering adding it to their courtrooms. While the broadcast of oral arguments is often the impetus behind the adoption of this new technology, it can also be employed for a wide variety of other educational outreach projects.
Discusses how e-filing changes the ways courts work and issues such as standards, successes, failures, and lessons learned
NCSC Area of Expertise.
This online version of the Court Technology Bulletin features cutting edge information about technology and the court community. (Note: Digitized copies of the printed version of the Bulletins from 1989 to 2003 are available in the Digital Archive.)
The first of three Integrated Criminal Justice Systems Reviews of the most prominent integrated justice systems in 1998: others include the "Colorado Integrated Criminal Justice Information System"; and the "Washington State Justice Information Network".
The key issues discussed in this document are: the architecture of document management, implementation by Whole Court or by Case Type, and Implement Day Forward or Ingest Active/Legacy Documents.
See page 16 - Technology Subcommittee Report. - Specific findings, from this report, indicate that electronic court technologies can materially improve citizens' access to justice while at the same time reduce the amount of paper, vehicle fuel and other natural resources the Cook County justice system consumes.
Conference of State Court Administrators (COSCA) Position Paper
The SPIRIT Project (Simultaneous Paperless Image Retrieval Information Technology) is a highly innovative venture intended to launch the clerk's office into the 21st century.
A video showing the King County Electronic Court Records system features many court staff and judges discussing the challenges and benefits of an E-Court.
This system allows attorneys to file documents directly with the court over the Internet and courts to file, store, and manage their case files in an easy to access, transparent way. After ten years a group of federal judges and court staff is thinking about the future of the system as reported in "Looking for the Next Generation of the CM/ECF System" in the Third Branch (May 2009).
The courts of Harris County, Texas, are presently transitioning from traditional paper files to "E-records" as the official case records. This article describes the evolving methods for data quality management.
Through guided practice, using simulated CM/ECF screens and actions, the user learns file pleadings, run reports, and other materials using the CM/ECF system.
The ECM Project consists of the implementation of an ECM system and eFiling for all case types. ECM is the primary tool in the achievement of the OJD’s goal of a paperless court environment.
The State Supreme Court's commercial division demonstrated New York's first integrated courtroom, Courtroom 2000. Courtroom 2000 is a state-of-the-art courtroom featuring flat screen monitors, evidence presentation tools, laptop computers, and instantaneous transcripts from court reporters.
On February 21, 1997, the 16th Circuit Court in Jackson County, Missouri, unveiled its "Courtroom of the Future." This technically advanced courtroom is expected to bring the circuit court into the 21st century well prepared to handle the challenges of the new millennium.
Some of the nation's biggest names in technology have been involved in a virtual stampede to get on the O.J. bandwagon. Dozens of companies have been successful in getting either one of the parties or the court to use their products or services. Included are nineteen photographs illustrating the technologies used in Judge Ito's Courtroom.
On May 14, 1999, the Ninth Judicial Circuit in Orange County, Florida formally opened "Courtroom 23," a leading-edge, technologically advanced, integrated courtroom.
Discusses terminology, background, summary of current issues, and relevant case law associated with e-discovery.
The purpose of this Bulletin is to discuss and make recommendations regarding the development of statewide drug court case management systems.
Report contains policy templates for information sharing. One element of a more robust information gathering and sharing system is an up-to-date and comprehensive policy protecting individuals’ privacy, civil rights, and civil liberties.