What is Electronic Filing? At this point, at least some courts in nearly every U.S. state have some form of electronic filing or e-filing of court documents. Electronic filing systems that include digital signatures, privacy and public access policies, and document management are becoming more commonplace to reduce court costs and make documents more available to the public.
The Conference of State Court Administrators December 2005 Position Paper on the Emergence of E-Everything examines the issues courts must address in deciding which electronic access projects to undertake, how to balance public access with rights of personal privacy, and how to pay for electronic access technologies.
Principles and Best Practices For Access-Friendly Court Electronic Filing . These Best Practices are intended to be aspirational goals to help ensure that e-filing nationally is deployed in a way that removes barriers to access to justice for the low income and self represented litigant. (2013).
For a state by state listing of current electronic filing see Electronic Filing Rules and Web Sites.
Enhancing the Accessibility of Electronic Information
. Florida State Bar. This website contains information on making documents, forms, pdfs, and tables accessible.
Court-specific standards . Electronic Filing Processes and Electronic Court Filing (ECF) Standards.
7 Steps to Electronic Filing with Electronic Court Filing 4.0 Quick Start Guide. OASIS Legal XML Court Filing Technical Committee.
McMillan, James. Eight Rules of E-Filing: Rule #6 E-Filing Must Support the Self-Represented. Court Technology Bulletin (September 8, 2011).
McMillan, James E. Electronic Documents: Benefits and Potential Pitfalls. (2010). Future Trends in State Courts 2010. The cost-effectiveness and operational advantages of accepting and storing electronically filed documents can have an impressive impact on a court's bottom line. While the court community is working diligently to take advantage of the many benefits of converting to electronic documents, there are still many issues to be resolved.
Schanker, David E-filing in State Appellate Courts. (February 2010). Clerk Wisconsin Supreme Court and Court of Appeals on behalf of National Conference of Appellate Court Clerks (NCACC) This White Paper is based on a survey of electronic filing in state appellate courts conducted by the NCACC in the summer and fall of 2009, supplemented with information gathered from state judicial Web sites.
For a state by state list of appellate e-filing see Appellate E-Filing.