Welcome to the Problem-Solving Courts Community. Here you can find a wealth of resources for the numerous and various problem-solving courts located throughout the nation. See our General Information Resource Guide on problem-solving courts for an overview.
Problem-Solving Courts Organizations
National Drug Court Institute
Center for Court Innovation
Human Trafficking & the State Court Collaborative
Justice for Veterans
Substance Abuse Mental Health Service Administration
Problem-solving courts are specialized dockets within the criminal justice system that seek to address the underlying problem(s) contributing to certain criminal offenses. Generally, a problem-solving court involves a close collaboration between a judge(s) and a community service team to develop a case plan and closely monitor a defendant’s compliance, imposing proper sanctions when necessary, see our General Information Resource Guide. While the most widely recognized problem-solving court is the drug court, there are a multitude of other various problem-solving courts located in every state and territory.
Community courts are neighborhood-focused courts that address quality of life or “nuisance” cases and takes a more proactive approach to public safety.
Drug courts are problem-solving courts that target criminal defendants who have alcohol and other drug dependency problems.
Fathering courts are specialized dockets that use alternatives to incarceration in an attempt to assist non-custodial parents with unpaid child support.
Homeless courts are special court sessions, typically held at shelters or other on-site locations, whereby homeless defendants can resolve outstanding misdemeanor criminal offenses.
Human Trafficking Courts
Human trafficking courts are specialized dockets that are beginning to exist throughout the U.S. that attempt to address the special needs of criminal defendants who are simultaneously victims of human trafficking.
Mental Health Courts
Mental health courts are criminal diversion dockets that link qualifying offenders with community-based treatment services.
Truancy courts are juvenile problem-solving dockets that bring together the schools, law enforcement, social service providers, etc. to help stabilize families and reengage youth in their education.
Veterans courts work with community-based veterans’ services to treat substance abuse or mental health issues as an alternative to incarceration.
Reentry courts assist individuals released from incarceration and their families in reintegrating the individual into the community by using the authority of the court to address behavioral health issues contributing to a cycle of addiction or criminal activity.