This page was last updated on 2/26/2019
Because adoption is a legal process that establishes a parent/child relationship between individuals who are not related by blood, courts are involved in the decision to grant adoptions, as well as many of the collateral issues relating to consent for adoption that may exist. The federal Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA) sets conditions under which states should terminate parental rights, which is a necessary prerequisite for adoptions, while also allowing the court the discretion to waive this requirement when it determines that this is not in the child’s best interest.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may
be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
Child Welfare Information Gateway. This report presents data on the total number of adoptions in the United States as well as the number of public, inter-country, and other adoptions.
This archived webinar provides the latest estimates on adoption data, sources for existing data, and difficulties in collecting and tracking the data. Presenters: Matt Shuman, M.S.W., Child Welfare Information Gateway; Gene Flango, Ph.D., National Center for State Courts (NCSC) (retired).
Abstract available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15548732.2013.798247
This GAO report focuses on the practice of unregulated custody transfers that have been referred to in the news media as “rehoming.”
This book examines the effectiveness of expediting appeals for dependency cases in state courts.
The Child Welfare Information Gateway provides state-specific information for child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption.
This report provides U.S. adoption data and found that the total number has fallen from a count of 133,737 adoptions in 2007 to 110,373 (41,023 related adoptions and 69,350 unrelated adoptions) in 2014.
Children's Bureau.This report reflects all AFCARS data received as of June 8, 2016 related to AFCARS reporting periods through September 30, 2015.
This report is based on data submitted to the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) by States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico by July 19, 2013.
This report verifies adoption numbers for the courts, bureaus of vital records, Native American Tribes, and private adoption agencies for 2000 and 2001. These are the latest available adoption statistics. The Children's Bureau and its National Adoption Clearinghouse sponsored the data verification done by the National Center for State Courts.
Analyzes the New Orleans Collaborative for Timely Adoptions Initiative, which proposes to remove barriers to promptly complete child protection cases.
This article presents the most recent and most accurate information available on the total number of adoptions in the United States in 1992.
The Donaldson Adoption Institute (DAI). This report summarizes DAIs research on surveys of the American public and adoption professionals, as well as recommendations for needed changes and curriculum.
Documents the results of years of National Center contacts with courts, bureaus of vital records and social service departments in each state in order to emphasize the need for adoption information.
This report outlines the creation of the National Adoption Information System. Information was gathered to help create the System through a Technical Advisory Committee, a pilot site, and regional meetings of representatives from the courts in all 50 states.
This report presents the results of a test of the ability of states to transmit adoption data to a national repository. The primary purpose of obtaining the test data is to determine the capability of adoption sources in each state and to demonstrate the ability to transmit electronically currently available adoption data.
Children’s Bureau. This memorandum provides an overview of the practice of re-homing of adopted children and encourages state title IV-B and title IV-E agencies to develop and promote the provision of post-adoption services and resources to adopted children and youth including those adopted internationally.
This report constitutes the third part of a study on runaway youths and their knowledge and access of services. This report is based on Interviews with a sample of youth who ran away from foster care placements in Chicago and Los Angeles. The information provided by these youths will help us to understand better why they run away and what can be done to prevent youth from running away from foster care.
To adequately and successfully represent and speak for a child or teen in foster care, the child’s advocate must be able to communicate with the child and discuss the child’s experiences. This publication provides information for advocates and judges on potential mental illnesses that may occur in children who are placed within foster care.
This report examines the disparate treatment encountered by parents with disabilities and their children within the child welfare system.
The purpose of the Handbook is to provide the judiciary and other members of the child welfare community with a comprehensive resource guide to New Mexico’s child abuse and neglect process.
Discusses State laws that provide the legal basis for terminating the rights of parents who have been found unfit to parent their children. The circumstances under which the court may find that termination may not serve the child's best interests and under which a parent's rights may be reinstated also are addressed. Summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories are included.