Judicial Officers


Provides information on state codes of ethics for judges, court employees and attorneys; judicial conduct organizations; methods of judicial disqualification and recusal; lawyers’ assistance programs; and ethics resources. 

Judicial Administration

Provides information on topics involving judicial administration, including judicial positions, such as trial and appellate court judges, administrative law judges and quasi-judicial officers; judicial assignments; judicial careers; judicial education; judicial roles; and judicial stress. 

Judicial Compensation

Provides information on state judicial salaries and benefits, judicial compensation commissions, and other topics related to setting trial and appellate judicial compensation.

Judicial Independence

Provides information about the role of judicial independence in a democratic government and its importance in maintaining the rule of law.

Judicial Performance Evaluation

Shows how judicial performance evaluation provides information for administrative assignment of judicial dockets, judicial education and self-improvement, voter education for retention elections, assessment of public perceptions of the judiciary, and improvement of bench-bar relations.

Judicial Selection and Retention

Covers contemporary judicial selection concerns, including the controversy over merit selection vs. election of judges, the need for judicial election reform, and the effect of the method of judicial selection on the number of minorities and women on the bench.

Judicial Stress

Looks at the emotional, cognitive, behavioral, and physical effects of judicial stress and how it impacts performance both on and off the bench.