5. Respond to violations: Use assessment results to inform responses to violations, including potential revocation
What does this involve?
As the offender fulfills required conditions of community supervision and demonstrates the prosocial behaviors sought by efforts to motivate behavior change, the community supervision officer should respond to positively reinforce those desired behaviors (see 4. Supervise). If the offender does not comply with the required conditions of community supervision, however, a similarly swift and certain institutional response should be imposed. When considering public safety and recidivism risk reduction goals as part of an evidence-based decision-making process, offender recidivism risk reassessment information may be considered in combination with the nature and severity of the violation, the seriousness of the underlying offense, the extent of prior compliance and noncompliance, and remaining treatment and supervision intervention options available in the community to inform this decision. The court and court stakeholders, including the community corrections agency, should establish a shared understanding of how these factors will be weighed and how an appropriate response will be determined. Responses may include a change to or increase in the intensity of treatment services (i.e., a therapeutic response) if the violation is related to an identified risk factor for the offender (e.g., substance dependency). Graduated sanctions may also be imposed (e.g., to increase supervision intensity or to introduce additional controls, such as electronic monitoring, with higher risk offenders), up to short periods of jail time or revocation of community supervision if it is determined that the offender can no longer be safely and effectively supervised in the community.
In addition to Key NCSC Resources, see:
- Lawrence, A. (2008): Probation and Parole Violations: State Responses
- Carter, M. [Ed.] (2001). Responding to Parole and Probation Violations: A Handbook to Guide Local Policy Development