The number of children and youth from birth up to age 20 in the foster care system by placement type. Most states allow children to remain in the foster care system until their 18th birthday, though some states have age limits that extend a few years beyond this. The current indicator includes children up to age 20 regardless of their state limit.
Percent estimates of children in each placement type are based on the total ages 0 to 20 in foster care, where the placement type is known. Missing placement type data are excluded from percentage and frequency distributions. Youth are categorized as being in foster care if they entered prior to the end of the current fiscal year and have not been discharged from their latest foster care spell by the end of the current fiscal year. Placement type is the setting in which the child was living at the end of the fiscal year. National estimates include Puerto Rico.