Helping courts address implicit bias: Resources for education

In 2009-2012, the National Center for State Courts, with funding from the Open Society Institute, documented the development and implementation of pilot educational programs on the topic of implicit racial bias for the court community in three participating states.

Although those reports are no longer current given the robust research in this area, we are developing an updated report for the court community that reflects the current state of the continually maturing science. This new project is funded in part by the State Justice Institute. 

Additional Resources

Implicit Bias Explainers 

Educational Models, Curricula, and Tools

Bench Cards

Recent Reports 

  • The W. Haywood Burns Institute (2018). Unlocking Opportunity: How Race, Ethnicity, and Place Affect the Use of Institutional Placements in California.
  • Center for Children’s Law & Policy (2015). The RED Practice Manual.
  • Center for Worklife Law at the University of California, Hastings College of the Law (2018). You Can’t Change What You Can’t See: Interrupting Racial & Gender Bias in the Legal Profession [Executive Summary]. Report prepared for the American Bar Association’s Commission on Women in the Profession and the Minority Corporate Counsel Association.
  • National Association of Drug Court Professionals (2019). Adult Drug Court Best Practice Standard II: Equity & Inclusion. Equivalent Access Assessment and Toolkit.
  • The National Initiative for Building Community Trust & Justice, a project of the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, began in 2014 to improve relationships and increase trust between communities and the criminal justice system and advance the public and scholarly understandings of the issues contributing to those relationships. The Initiative piloted trust-building interventions with police departments and communities in six jurisdictions based on three pillars: (1) enhancing procedural justice, (2) reducing the impact of implicit bias, and (3) fostering reconciliation. The project website provides detailed information about the six pilot sites and interventions used (including a general description of the three pillars, copies of tools and guides used, supporting research, and other information). The Urban Institute published reports in August 2019 on process and outcome evaluations of the initiative. 

Recent Books 

  • Iris Bohnet (2016). What Works: Gender Equality by Design. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.
  • Dolly Chugh (2018). The Person You Mean to Be: How Good People Fight Bias. New York: Harper Collins.
  • Jennifer Eberhardt (2019). Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice that Shapes What We See, Think, and Do. New York: Viking.
  • Sarah Redfield, Editor (2018). Enhancing Justice: Reducing Bias. Chicago, IL: American Bar Association.

Have other helpful resources to share? Let us know at