Civil justice

The civil justice system in the United States is arguably the most complex and comprehensive in the world. It involves state and federal statutes, regulations, and common law that guide governmental, commercial, and personal decision-making in the areas of consumer safety, employment and other contractual relationships, the sale of goods and services –- to name only a few.

When disputes arise in any of these areas, litigants can request resolution from a myriad of civil justice system actors including state or federal courts, state and federal administrative agencies, or private dispute resolution forums.

To help state courts manage civil cases effectively in this complex environment, the NCSC provides research on civil litigation trends and technical assistance on emerging issues including efforts to improve the civil justice system through implementation of recommendations of the CCJ Civil Justice Improvements Committee, which were endorsed by the Conference of Chief Justices and the Conference of State Court Administrators in July 2016.

The NCSC has extensive knowledge and experience helping courts to:


Civil Appeals Profile Database

Civil Appeals Profile Reports

Complex Litigation: Key Findings from the California Pilot Program

The Effects of the Daubert Trilogy in Delaware Superior Court

Mass Tort Management in State and Federal Courts: A Case Study of Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Litigation