Jury management

Approximately 15 percent of the adult American population is summonsed to jury service each year in state and federal courts. An estimated 8 to 10 million citizens report for jury service annually to courthouses across the country, making them the single largest cohort of court users in the nation.

The NCSC Center for Jury Studies is dedicated to helping courts manage their jury systems so that the jury selection process is efficient and cost-effective, that judges, lawyers, litigants, and the public have confidence in the fairness and impartiality of the impaneled juries, and that jurors have appropriate tools during trial and deliberations with which to render informed and fair judgments.

Using detailed knowledge and extensive experience, the NCSC Center for Jury Studies provides specific assistance in:

  • Enhancing the inclusiveness, representation, and accuracy of the master jury list;
  • Maximizing the effectiveness of the summoning and qualification process;
  • Reducing the costs of the jury system for courts and their communities by improving juror utilization;
  • Assessing the integrity of the jury pool to ensure that it reflects a fair cross section of the community;
  • Developing effective voir dire practices to encourage jurors to provide full and accurate disclosure of potential biases;
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of tools to designed to improve juror comprehension, performance, and satisfaction; and
  • Assessing the potential impact of structural or procedural changes on jury system management and jury decision-making.

PAST PROJECTS: 2020 | 2019201720162015201420132012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008
2007 | 2006 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 1998


Juror Allocation Study for Merced County, California, 2020


Jury Management Training Project for the Iowa Administrative Office of the Courts, 2018-2019


Superior Court Voir Dire Process Analysis for the Massachusetts Judiciary, 2017


Judicial Jury Workshop for the Colorado AOC, 2016


Juror Selection Model for the California Superior Courts, 2015

Jury Study for the North Dakota Courts, 2015


Jury Management Capability Model (PDF) (XMind), 2014

Jury Management System Requirements (PDF) (Word), 2014


Develop Jury Management Technology Standards for the District Courts for Fourth Judicial District Court of Minnesota (SJI Grant), 2013

Jury Automation System Business Case Review for the Arkansas Administrative Office of the Courts, 2013


Evaluation of Jury Selection Procedures for the Ninth Circuit Court, Kalamazoo County, Michigan, 2012


Jury Selection Assistance for the Eastern Michigan, U.S. District Court, 2011


Facilitation of Effective Jury Management Training for the Superior Court of California, Tulare County, 2010

Juror Utilization Assessment for the California Administrative Office of the Courts, 2010

Presentation at the Education Conference 2010 Ethics Session on Jury Diversity: It’s More than Numbers for the Administrative Office of the Illinois Courts, 2010


Operational Review of Jury Operations for the Eighth Judicial District Court of Nevada, 2009

Review of Alternative Summon Plans for the Arizona Supreme Court, Administrative Office of the Courts, 2009


Assessment and Review of Juror Selection and Allocation System for the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County, 2008

Evaluation of Random Selection of Prospective Jurors for the Supreme Court of Maricopa County, Arizona, 2008

Provide Jury Management Workshops for the New Mexico Administrative Office of the Courts, 2008


State-of-the-States Survey of Jury System Improvements, 2007

Assessment of Jury System for the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, 2007

Evaluation of the Proximity Weighted Jury System for the Superior Court of Maricopa County, Arizona, 2007

Update and Expand Upon Jury Review Conducted in 1995 for the Michigan Administrative Office of the Courts, 2007


Arizona Administrative Office of the Courts, Conduct Jury Training Session, 2006

Harris County, Texas Review of Jury System Operations and Jury Management Facility Design, 2006

Jury Trial Innovations, 2006


Arizona Jury Management Training for Judges, 2004

District of Columbia Superior Court Juror Study, 2004

Examination of Juror Selection in Allen Superior Court, Allen Circuit Court, Ft. Wayne, Indiana, 2004

Examining Voir Dire in California, 2004


The Promise and Challenges of Jury System Technology, 2003


Are Hung Juries a Problem?, 2002


Safeguarding Juror Privacy: A New Framework for Court Policies and Procedures, 2001


Through the Eyes of the Juror: A Manual for Addressing Juror Stress, 1998