Endnotes and Resources: Responding to the Need for Accountability in Mental Health Courts


1  The National Center for State Courts (NCSC), with funding from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, is currently conducting a census of problem-solving courts (Grant #2010-BJ-CX-K075). The NCSC is partnering with the National Drug Court Institute, who has developed a map of drug courts across the nation (see www.nadcp.org/learn/find-drug-court).

2  This NCSC project was funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (Grant 2007-DD-BX-K162).

3  See Trial Court Performance Standards, Measure 2.1.1 (“Time to Disposition”), which was adopted by the Conference of State Court Administrators, the Conference of Chief Justices, and the American Bar Association (www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/tcps/Measures/me_2.1.1.htm), and NCSC’s CourTools, Measure 3 (www.ncsconline.org/D_Research/CourTools/Images/courtools_measure3.pdf).


Council of State Governments (2005). A Guide to Mental Health Court Design and Implementation. New York: Council of State Governments.

Gottfredson, D., B. Kearley, S. Najaka, and C. Rocha (2007). “How Drug Courts Work: An Analysis of Mediators,” 44 Journal of Research on Crime and Delinquency 3.

Lipsey, M. (2004). “Caution: What You Need to Know Before Evaluating.” Workshop presentation, NIJ Annual Conference on Criminal Justice Research and Evaluation, Washington, D.C.

Ostrom, B., and R. Hanson (2010). Achieving High-Performance: A Framework for Courts. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts.

Poister, T. H. (2003). Measuring Performance in Public and Non-Profit Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Tyler, T. R., and A. E. Lind (1988). The Social Psychology of Procedural Justice. New York: Plenum Press.

Wales, H. W., V. A. Hiday, and B. Ray (2010). “Procedural Justice and the Mental Health Court Judge’s Role in Reducing Recidivism,” 33 International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 265.

Waters, N. L., F. L. Cheesman, S. A. Gibson, I. G. Dazevedo, and N. Kauder (2010). Mental Health Court Performance Measures: Implementation and User’s Guide. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts. www.ncsc.org/mhcpm

Waters, N. L., S. M. Strickland, and S. A. Gibson (2009). Mental Health Court Culture: Leaving Your Hat at the Door. Williamsburg, VA: National Center for State Courts.

Wolff, M., and W. Pogorzelski (2005). “Measuring the Effectiveness of Mental Health Courts: Challenges and Recommendations,” 11 Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law 539.