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While the legal definitions of domestic violence can vary between states, the National Center for State Courts’ State Court Guide to Statistical Reporting 2009 defines “domestic violence” as “criminal cases involving violence, coercion, or intimidation by a family or household member against another family or household member.” State courts are becoming more efficient in how they handle domestic violence cases through improved practices and procedures for restraining orders, improved monitoring of batterer-intervention programs, stricter enforcement of firearms-relinquishment laws and orders, and greater use of technology. Courts are increasingly aware that approaches that involve community stakeholders, such as law-enforcement and social services, as well as strategies improving collaborations across child-welfare and domestic-violence agencies and dependency courts are necessary to enhance cross-system understanding and interactions.
Links to related online resources are listed below. Non-digitized publications may be borrowed from the NCSC Library; call numbers are provided.
This course provides an overview of the National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database, the Brady Act, the NICS Process, Violence Against Women Act and the Lautenberg Amendment. Using the background information our faculty will provide you with the three criteria (misdemeanor conviction, convicting statute/force element and qualified relationship) necessary to disqualify an individual from the purchase or possession of a firearm under the Misdemeanor Crimes of Domestic Violence Provision.
The American Judges Association offers a free online domestic violence education program for judges.
American Judges Association. This educational booklet provides information about victims of domestic violence and stresses the need for sensitivity and understanding for the victims who appear before the court. This booklet will help a judge to promote zero tolerance of domestic violence and provide a courtroom sensitive to the needs and safety of the victim.
This sites brings together information and resources developed through ongoing NCSC projects and past initiatives to improve court policy and practice related to violence against women issues. This site is organized by statewide, cross-jurisdictional and local efforts focus areas with additional information sources and links to other organizations.
This report examines nonfatal intimate partner violence, including rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault committed by the victim’s current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend.
This report tracks 2015 family violence legislation and trends.
Sixty-two Pennsylvania counties were surveyed in regard to the Protection from Abuse Database (PFAD). Responses pertain to implementation, PFAD usage, satisfaction with PFAD, advantages and disadvantages, and future plans. Counties currently inactive in the PFAD program were surveyed to better understand the reasons for their lack of participation in PFAD.
The Ohio IPV Collaborative released the final updated version July 2015.
This article discusses the negative impact witnessing domestic violence has on the development of a child’s brain.
This study examined all orders of protection (OPs) taken out by New York dating violence victims in 2009 and 2010 and represents the first study of its kind to examine OPs involving teens for dating violence.
This report includes a literature review and discusses the juvenile justice system response, intervention, and recidivism.
The Center for Court Innovation has produced an IDV court fact sheet that outlines the key principles of IDV courts.
This program supervises a core group of the most dangerous repeat felony domestic violence offenders with close judicial and probationary supervision, surveillance, weekly offender accountability check-ins, and an extended slate of victim support services to enhance victim safety.
This document provides comprehensive information on domestic violence courts including: their history, different models, and the current status of identified domestic violence courts in the U.S. Paper submitted to the NCSC documents database with the permission of the author.
Guidebook highlights issues courts and communities should consider when addressing problems of domestic violence. Based on a study of the Domestic Violence Unit of the D.C. Superior Court.
This study addresses three interrelated components of a domestic violence unit - intake, a specialized clerk's office, and dedicated courtrooms and judicial assignments.
This report outlines the history, meeting design, key themes and meeting outcomes of a series of regional meetings held on implementing full faith and credit of domestic violence orders of protection.
This study examines the effectiveness of civil protection orders and looks at which factors influence how well the orders prevent abuse and improve the quality of the survivors lives.
National Center for State Courts. In June 2012, the National Center for State Courts (NCSC) surveyed state court administrators to determine how Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) STOP funds are allocated and used by courts. The survey also served as a follow-up to assess the impact of the National Leadership Summit on State Court Responses to Domestic Violence held in 2010.
This report includes the results of a survey sent to state court administrators on how STOP funds were being allocated and used by the courts.
A survey of state court administrators on VAWA court-specific funding.