State courts face difficult budgetary decisions as a result of economic conditions. The salaries of federal judges are protected by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States; it states that the salaries of federal judges “shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.” NCSC identified the states that have constitutionally insulated their state’s judicial salaries from any reductions.
During the fall of 2014, the NCSC collected information from 45 states and the District of Columbia regarding judicial retirement plans. There is considerable variation in the responses to the survey questions. The mandatory retirement age ranged from "non" to 90 years of age. Most states, however, had a mandatory retirement age in the 70 to 75 year range.
The National Center for State Courts conducted a survey of all fifty states to gather detailed information related to the processes used by states to set judicial compensation and judicial salary increases.