Study finds expedited action rules can ease civil case backlogs
May 3, 2023 -- Enforcing court rules that require expedited actions can improve fairness, cost, and efficiency in the civil justice system while also relieving case backlogs exacerbated by the pandemic, according to a new report published by the Civil Justice Initiative.
In “A Renewed Analysis of the Expedited Actions Rules in Texas Courts,” NCSC, the Texas Office of Court Administration (OCA), and the Institute for the Advancement of the American Legal System (IAALS) found that rules adopted by the Supreme Court of Texas in 2012 have expedited the resolution of cases—both before and after the pandemic.
“The rules have had a positive impact, particularly in the area of discovery, but the full benefit of the rules has not been realized,” according to the Texas study. “While it has been over a decade since the rules were first implemented, there remains great opportunity for more consistent case management.”
Recommendations for maximizing those opportunities include training for judges and staff, increased use of technology to assist in civil case management, and stronger enforcement of the rules.
In 2019 the Texas rules required:
- Application to all civil cases where the amount in controversy is $100,000 or less;
- Discovery to begin within 180 days of case filing;
- Limits to discovery of no more than six hours of depositions, 15 written interrogatories, 15 requests for production, and 15 requests for admission;
- Mandatory trial dates within 90 days of completion of discovery; and
- Restrictions on time, fees, and deadlines for court-ordered alternative dispute resolution.
The study—which was conducted at the request of the Texas Office of Court Administration—notes that the expedited actions rules work particularly well with certain case types, especially contract cases, debt collection, and personal injury cases where only limited discovery is needed. In January 2021, the rules were amended and increased the amount-in-controversy from $100,000 to $250,000, which expanded the number of cases eligible for civil case processing under the rules.
“The rules provide predictability in these cases, which contributes to efficiency and decreased costs,” according to the report. “Judges and attorneys agreed that the rules are less effective for more complex cases, such as cases that require more experts or additional discovery beyond the limits in the rules.”
During a recent webinar, panelists discussed how courts across the country face similar environmental challenges as Texas and emphasized the court’s vital role in managing civil cases—especially with increasing numbers of self-represented litigants.
“The courts have to control the pace of litigation,” said NCSC Principal Research Consultant Paula Hannaford-Agor.