Special Jurisdiction


Business/Specialty Courts

Provides links to resources about specialized courts including business courts,  environmental courts, night courts, tax courts and water courts.   

Dependency Courts

Provides information on child abuse and neglect, child protective services, foster care, court-appointed special advocates, open hearings, model courts, and more. 

Driving Impaired

Provides resources on impaired driving and examines the development of policies that discourage risky behaviors that impair drivers, such as the use of alcohol or drugs, careless use of cell phones, and driving while fatigued. 

Family Courts

Provides information on specialized courts for family and domestic matters, which often handle custody and visitation, child support, termination of parental rights and adoption, dependency, status offenses, delinquency, and occasionally domestic violence.

Municipal Courts

Examines the structure and work of municipal courts; their most common case types, including traffic and small-claims cases; and preliminary proceedings in felony cases.

Probate Courts

Provides information on the operation of probate courts, as well as on their jurisdiction, administration, practices, and procedures.

Rural Courts

Discusses recent developments in dealing with the unique challenges faced by rural courts.

Small Claims

Presents information about management and information for litigants and examines dispute resolution and other small-claims issues.

Traffic Courts

Provides information on traffic courts and caseloads; collection of traffic fines and fees; DUI courts; optical scanning and storage of traffic case data; and photo enforcement programs.

Tribal Courts

Provides information on the structure, organization, and jurisdiction of tribal courts, as well as resources for tribal court employees and reservation members.